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Bulletin of the Karaganda university
Biology. Medicine. Geography series. Publication ethics

The Editorial Board of the journal in its work adheres to the international standards on the ethics of scientific publications developed by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICJME) and maintain high standards of publication, setting standards and norms for best practices to meet these requirements, as well as taking into account the valuable experience of reputable international journals.

The editorial board of the journal, as well as persons involved in the publishing process, adhere to the goals of ensuring high quality of scientific publications, avoiding unfair practices in publishing activities, such as the use of false information, falsification of scientific data, plagiarism and others. If the editorial board discovers facts of falsification, fabrication of data, plagiarism, false co-authorship, the publication will not be accepted for consideration.

The Editorial Board of the journal "Bulletin of the Karaganda University" is responsible for making a decision on the selection of articles for publication in the journal. The evaluation of submitted papers by the editors should be limited to intellectual content only. The editorial board may, at its discretion, reject any material that violates legal requirements for libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. Articles must be 70% or higher in originality. Articles that do not have the required percentage of originality will not be accepted for publication.

The editorial board is obliged to ensure the confidentiality of submitted papers before publication. Publication of an article in a peer-reviewed journal is an important block in the development of a logical and valuable network of knowledge. It is a direct indication of the quality of the work of the authors and the institutions that support them. Peer-reviewed articles support and exemplify the scientific method. Therefore, it is important to agree on standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in the act of publication: the author, journal editor, reviewer, publisher, and society.

The editorial board keeps editorial secrecy (does not disclose information on the publication before the article is published in the journal), it is not allowed to read the author's original without permission of the author/authors, discuss and correct it, except for authorized persons (chief and technical editor, members of the editorial board, reviewers, editor and layout specialist). When reviewing publications, a respectful attitude is ensured, and criticism is given reasonably. Only articles that are designed in accordance with the requirements of the journal and correspond to the thematic focus are accepted for review. The full responsibility for the results published in the article is borne by the author or equally by the authors (provided that there are several).

If an ethical violation is found, the editorial board will immediately contact the authors for clarification. If the problem cannot be corrected, the already published article will be marked as Retracted on the website due to ethical violations.

Duties of authors

Authors of research papers of original research must provide an accurate account of the work done, as well as an objective discussion of its significance. The main data should be properly presented in the paper. The paper should contain enough detail and references to allow others to replicate the work.

False or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.

Originality and plagiarism

Authors should make sure their work is original, and if authors have used the work and/or words of other authors, that this is appropriately cited. Plagiarism takes many forms, from publishing someone else's article as the author's own article, to copying or paraphrasing substantial parts of someone else's article (without acknowledgement), to endorsing research done by others. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication

An author should not publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Simultaneous submission of the same manuscript to multiple journals constitutes unethical publication behavior and is unacceptable. As a general rule, an author should not submit a previously published article for consideration in another journal.

Acknowledgement of sources

Authors should give proper acknowledgement of the other author's work. Authors should cite publications that have been instrumental in determining the nature of the reported work. Information obtained privately, such as through conversation, correspondence, or discussion with third parties, should not be used or reported without the explicit written permission of the source. Information obtained in the course of confidential services, such as reviewing manuscripts or grant applications, should not be used without the explicit written permission of the author of the work associated with those services.

Authorship for paper

Authorship should be limited to those who made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution or interpretation of the reported research. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. If there are others who participated in certain significant aspects of the research project, they should be recognized or listed as contributors. The author should ensure that all co-authors, without including inappropriate individuals, are included in the paper. The final version of the paper should be reviewed and approved by all co-authors with subsequent agreement and submission for publication.

Hazards and human or animal subjects

If the work uses procedures or equipment that have any hazards inherent in their use, the author should clearly state these in the manuscript. If animal or human subjects are used in the work, the author should ensure that the manuscript includes a statement that all procedures were performed in accordance with relevant laws and institutional guidelines and that the appropriate ethical committees have approved them. Authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for human experimentation. The privacy rights of individuals should always be respected.


All authors must disclose in their manuscript any financial or other material conflict of interest that could be construed as influencing the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project must be disclosed.

Principle errors in published works

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his or her published work, the author must immediately notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the article. If the editor or publisher learns from a third party that the published work contains a significant error, the author must promptly retract or correct the article or provide the editor with evidence of the correctness of the original article.

Duties of editorial board

These guidelines are based on the existing COPE Best Practice Guidelines for journal editors.

Publication of the decisions

The journal editor-in-chief is responsible for deciding which of the papers submitted to the journal should be published. The validation of the work in question and its importance to researchers and readers should always guide such decisions. The editor may be guided by the journal's editorial policy and limited by such legal requirements, which then take effect for libel, copyright infringement, and plagiarism.


The editor should evaluate manuscripts for intellectual content without regard to the authors' race, gender, religious beliefs, ethnicity, nationality, or political philosophy.


The editor and any editorial staff should not disclose any information about the submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisors, and the publisher, as appropriate.

Disclosure of information and conflict of interest

Unpublished material disclosed in the submitted manuscript should not be used in the editor's own research without the written consent of the author. Privileged information or ideas obtained during the review process should be kept confidential and not used for personal purposes. Editors should recuse themselves (i.e., ask a co-editor, associate editor, or other editorial board member, in lieu of review and consideration) to review manuscripts in which they have a conflict of interest as a result of a competitive, collaborative, or other relationship or affiliation with any of the authors, companies, or (possibly) institutions associated with the papers. Editors should require all authors to disclose relevant competing interests and to publish corrections if competing interests are discovered after publication. Other appropriate action, such as publishing a retraction or expression of concern, should be taken if necessary.

This section has been prepared according to the materials of Elsevier (https://www.elsevier.com/) and the materials of the International Committee on Publication Ethics COPE (https://publicationethics.org/)